HIV, which causes AIDS, is considered one of the biggest challenges faced by health professionals. It is also the most serious disease, next to cancer, known to mankind. Researchers and healthcare professionals are working hard in finding a cure and minimizing the impacts of AIDS.
Below we discuss some of the facts and figures, which gives us a better understanding of this deadly disease.
An estimated 1.1 million Americans have HIV/AIDS. Furthermore, 15% of this group are children aged 13 and up, and are not aware that they are carriers.
Increasing Numbers in America
In 1992 there were 250,000 cases of HIV/AIDS reported and 200,000 of these cases lead to death. In 2000 an estimated 1 million people were carriers.
HIV/AIDS in American Women
In 2016, an estimated 50,000 people contracted HIV. Of these cases, 7,529 were heterosexual women.
HIV/AIDS in American Men
In the same year, 26,570 homosexual men had contracted the disease. An estimated 2,049 of these cases were found in heterosexual men.
HIV/AIDS Contraction according to Race
In 2016, with 250,000 people contracting HIV, 9,766 were reported as Latino. The white population accounted for 10,345 of these cases, and the black population 17,528.
HIV/AIDS Contraction according to Age
During the same study, they found that the majority of these cases were in young adults. Those aged 25-29 accounted for 7,964 of the diagnoses in 2016.
Around the Globe
Next, we take a look at what the rest of the world’s HIV/AIDS statistics looked like in the past couple of years.
Total Count of Diagnoses
In 2017 the total count of diagnoses worldwide came to 36.9 million. Of these, an estimated 1.8 million HIV/AIDS positive cases were children.
Daily Infections Increase
It was reported that there were 1.8 million newly infected people in 2017. This means approximately 5,000 new infections per day.
Stats in Children
Of the 1.8 million newly infected people, 180,000 were children under the age of 15. The majority of these children reside in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Knowledge of HIV/AIDS Status
It is estimated that 75% of the world’s population infected with HIV/AIDS were aware of their status. The remaining 25% do not have access to HIV testing services.
In the past couple of years, AIDS-related deaths have decreased by 50%. An estimated 940,000 people died from AIDS-related diseases in 2017.
HIV/AIDS in Europe
Next, we take a look at HIV/AIDS facts and stats from central Europe and more specifically the United Kingdom.
Minor HIV/AIDS Cases
The diagnoses of HIV/AIDS in the UK are considered to be relatively small. There are an estimated 102,000 of the UK’s population diagnosed with HIV/AIDS currently.
HIV/AIDS Education is Decreasing
Recent studies have shown that knowledge of how HIV/AIDS is transmitted has decreased. An estimated 45% of the UK’s population know the facts regarding HIV/AIDS transmission.
In the past couple of years, the number of HIV/AIDS-related deaths have decreased significantly. Currently, 428 AIDS-related deaths were reported in the UK.
HIV and AIDS Diagnoses
In 2017, there were 25,353 reported diagnoses of HIV and 3,130 diagnoses of AIDS. Of these, a huge percentage, one out of two persons, were diagnosed late.
How it’s Transmitted
In Lithuania, the highest percentage of cases were transmitted via injected drug use. In other parts of Europe, common transmission modes are sex between men and sex between men and women.
HIV/AIDS in Africa
Eastern and Southern Africa are known to have the highest percentages of HIV/AIDS diagnoses in the world.
Currently, there are an estimated 19.6 million people affected by HIV/AIDS living in Eastern and Southern Africa alone.
Even though research studies prove that the rate of the HIV/AIDS epidemic has stabilized in Africa, there were 80,000 newly infected patients in 2017.
Of the total number of HIV/AIDS infected people in Africa (which currently stands at 19.6 million), there were 380,000 AIDS-related deaths.
Increased Access to ART
The latest reports prove that 81% of people infected with HIV/AIDS in Africa are aware of their HIV status, and the same percentage of people have access to Antiretroviral treatment.
HIV/AIDS Education is Increasing
Thanks to the increase in community-based and provider-initiated HIV testing facilities, the continent is becoming more educated. Four out of five people are aware of their status.
HIV/AIDS in Asia
Next, we take a look at the facts and figures on the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Asia and the Pacific.
Thanks to successful prevention programs, the rate of new infections in this region has decreased considerably to 280,000 (14%).
Strong HIV Stigma
Many countries in this region still reinforce HIV stigma. This results in those infected by the disease not receiving the medical treatment they need.
In 2017, the total estimated AIDS-related deaths amounted to 170,000. This shows a 39% decline in AIDS-related deaths in the entire region.
Increased Access to ART
The increase in access to antiretroviral treatment has been phenomenal. In 2017 2.7 million infected individuals had access to the necessary treatment.
Key Affected Population Groups
The population with the highest risk of contracting HIV/AIDS in the region includes men having sex with men, sex workers, and drug users.
General Facts and Figures
Finally, we look at some general facts concerning HIV/AIDS and what the future could bring in terms of treatment for this fatal disease.
What is HIV/AIDS?
HIV is an abbreviation for human immunodeficiency virus. It’s a disease that causes the breakdown of the immune system. AIDS is an abbreviation for acquired immune deficiency syndrome and is the advanced stage of HIV.
How HIV/AIDS is Transmitted
The disease is transmitted in several ways; transmission from pregnant mother to baby, transmission through using contaminated needles, and unprotected sex to name a few.
Availability of Antiretroviral Treatment
It has been reported that during 2017, 21.7 million of the 36.9 million infected with HIV/AIDS received antiretroviral treatment.
HIV/AIDS Testing to be Accessible
Even though there has been a considerable increase in the accessibility of testing facilities, this remains a major obstacle with 29% of those infected being unaware of their status.
HIV/AIDS Increases Susceptibility to Active TB Disease
In 2016, an estimated 370,000 deaths were HIV/AIDS TB-related. Those who are HIV positive and have AIDS are at a much higher risk of contracting TB.
And that wraps it up. As the statistics start looking better, we can now shift our focus where it’s needed. In the next few months, key focus areas should be education, prevention, accessible testing facilities, as well as an increase in ART accessibility.